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Seborrheic dermatitis

Have you ever wondered what are those red scaly spots that generally appear on the nape of the neck? These spots are known as Seborrheic Dermatitis. It is a skin condition that is very common, mostly in men between the ages of 20 and 40. It is a disease that presents 3 age peaks, one in infants before 3 months of age.

Two, in adolescents and three, in the fourth and seventh decade of life. “It is one of the most frequent skin manifestations in HIV positive patients and in those with neurological disorders such as Parkinson’s or Alzheimer’s.” Bassam Chahboun, from the Dermatology Working Group of the Spanish Society of Family and Community Pharmacy (Sefac), mentions. The good news is that it is a benign disease, however, it is a problem that has no cure and that can be annoying for many patients.

Seborrheic dermatitis manifests as lesions in the form of inflamed red plaques covered with greasy white or yellowish scales. It is located mainly on the scalp, face and trunk, although it can appear anywhere on the body.

 

HOW CAN THIS CONDITION BE TREATED?

As I said before, there is no treatment that will cure this disease, but there are many useful options to improve its appearance, soften the itch and prevent more blemishes from appearing.

Regarding treatments, some antifungals such as ketoconazole and its derivatives or cyclopiroxolamine can be used. Although it sounds aggressive, antifungals are safe medications that can be prescribed in all areas of the skin, including sensitive skin. In the case of seborrheic dermatitis on the scalp, it should be taken into account whether it is mild or severe.

In mild forms, activities with different useful activities can be used to treat the exacerbation phase in the form of antifungal shampoo applied every ⅔ days. In severe forms, the following products can be used alone or in combination with any of the mild forms treatments: topical corticosteroids in lotion or solution, 1-2 daily applications; keratolytics (salicylic acid, glycolic acid, lactic acid, derivatives of urea and tars).

For cutaneous seborrheic dermatitis, it should also be taken into account if it is mild or severe. For a mild formation, it can be treated with daily shampoo or antifungal gel washes, or by applying lotions, emulsions, gels or non-greasing creams of alpha-hydroxy acids, liposomes, ichthyol, etc. In severe skin dermatitis, corticosteroid creams or lotions suitable for this area can be used.

It is advisable to follow a daily cleansing routine to improve the condition of the skin. Use syndet type soaps, warm water and avoid irritating agents. No alcohol or products that are greasy and that can close the pores.

 

The plants that can erase the damage of seborrheic dermatitis are:

  • Aloe vera
  • Licorice extract
  • tree
  • Bisabolol
  • TeaBasdana

 

Try these methods if you know how to identify what type of dermatitis you have. I recommend that you first go to a dermatologist for a more accurate diagnosis.

The exact cause of seborrheic dermatitis is unknown. But it may be due to a combination of factors such as:

  • Activity of the sebaceous glands Yeast
  • fungi called Malassezia that live on the skin, mainly in areas with more sebaceous glands.
  • Changes in the functioning of the skin barrier
  • Genes

 

And risk factors are:

  • Stress or fatigue
  • Extreme climates Oily
  • skin or skin problems with acne
  • Excessive consumption of alcohol or use of lotions with alcohol
  • Obesity
  • Nervous system disorders such as disease parkinson’s disease, head injury or stroke

Having HIV / AIDS

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